% INTEGAVERAGE - performs averaging filtering using an integral image
%
% Usage: avim = integaverage(im,rad)
%
% Arguments: im - Image to be filtered
% rad - 'Radius' of square region over which averaging is
% performed (rad = 1 implies a 3x3 average)
% Returns: avim - Averaged image
%
% See also: INTEGRALIMAGE, INTEGRALFILTER, INTFILTTRANSPOSE
% Reference: Paul Viola and Michael Jones, "Robust Real-Time Face Detection",
% IJCV 57(2). pp 137-154. 2004.
% Copyright (c) 2007 Peter Kovesi
% www.peterkovesi.com
%
% Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
% of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
% in the Software without restriction, subject to the following conditions:
%
% The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
% all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
%
% The Software is provided "as is", without warranty of any kind.
% October 2007 - Original version
% September 2009 - Changed so that input is the image rather than its
% integral image
function avim = integaverage(im, rad)
if rad == 0 % Trap case where averaging filter is 1x1 hence radius = 0
avim = im;
return;
end
[rows, cols] = size(im);
intim = integralimage(im);
avim = zeros(rows, cols);
% Fiddle with indices to ensure we calculate the average over a square
% region that has an odd No of pixels on each side (ie has a centre pixel
% located over each pixel of interest)
down = rad; % offset to 'lower' indices
up = down+1; % offset to 'upper' indices
for r = 1+up:rows-down
for c = 1+up:cols-down
avim(r,c) = intim(r+down,c+down) - intim(r-up,c+down) ...
- intim(r+down,c-up) + intim(r-up,c-up);
end
end
avim = avim/(down+up)^2;